(Response to a letter. From the book Dropping Ashes on the Buddha)
Thank you for your letter. How are you?
You said in your letter that you have read many books about Zen. Thatâ€™s good, but if you are thinking, you canâ€™t understand Zen. Anything that can be written, anything that can be said â€“ all this is thinking. If you are thinking, all Zen books, all Buddhist sutras, and all Bibles are demonsâ€™ words. But if you read with a mind that has cut off all thinking, then Zen books, sutras, and Bibles are all the truth. So is the barking of a dog or the crowing of a rooster. All things are teaching you at every moment, and these sounds are even better teaching than Zen books. So Zen is keeping the mind which is before thinking. Sciences and academic studies are after thinking. We must return to before thinking. Then we will attain our true self.
You said in your letter that your practice has been counting exhalations to ten. This method is not good, not bad. It is possible to practice in this way when you are sitting. But when you are driving, when you are talking, when you are watching television, when you are playing tennis, how is it possible to count your breaths then? Sitting is only a small part of practicing Zen. The true meaning of sitting Zen is to cut off all thinking and keep not-moving mind. So I ask you: what are you? You donâ€™t know; there is only â€œI donâ€™t know.â€ Always keep this donâ€™t know mind. When this donâ€™t know mind becomes clear, then you will understand. So if you keep it when you are talking, this is talking Zen. If you keep it when you are watching television, this is television Zen. You must keep donâ€™t know mind always and everywhere. This is the true practice of Zen.
The Great Way is not difficult
if you donâ€™t make distinctions.
Only throw away likes and dislikes
and everything will be perfectly clear.
So throw away all opinions, all likes and dislikes, and only keep the mind that doesnâ€™t know. This is very important. Donâ€™t know mind is the mind that cuts off all thinking. When all thinking has been cut off, you become empty mind. This is before thinking. Your before thinking mind, my before thinking mind, all peopleâ€™s before thinking minds are the same. This is your substance. Your substance, my substance, and the substance of the whole universe become one. So the tree, the mountain, the cloud and you become one. Then I ask you: Are the mountain and you the same or different? If you say â€œthe same,â€ I will hit you thirty times. If you say â€œdifferent,â€ I will still hit you thirty times. Why?
The mind that becomes one with the universe is before thinking. Before thinking there are no words. â€œSameâ€ and â€œdifferentâ€ are opposite words; they are from the mind that separates all things. That is why I will hit you if you say either one. So what would be a good answer? If you donâ€™t understand, only keep donâ€™t know mind for a while, and you will soon have a good answer. If you do, please send it to me.
You asked why I use words to teach, if understanding through words is impossible. Words are not necessary. But they are very necessary. If you are attached to words, you cannot return to your true self. If you are not attached to words, soon you will attain enlightenment. So if you are thinking, words are very bad. But if you are not thinking, all words and all things that you can see or hear or smell or taste or touch will help you. So it is very important for you to cut off your thinking and your attachments to words.
Here is a poem for you:
Buddha said all things have Buddha-nature.
Joju said the dog has no Buddha-nature.
Which one is correct?
If you open your mouth, you fall into hell.
Clouds float up to the sky;
rainfalls down to the ground.